Assessment of teacher turnover in private secondary schools in Tanzania: a case of Dar es Salaam Region

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The study aimed at assessing teachers’ turnover in private secondary schools in Tanzania. The study was guided by three questions; first, what are the causes of teachers turnover in private secondary schools? Second, what are the strategies employed by the private secondary schools to retain teachers? And, third, what is the teachers’ attitude towards leaving the private secondary schools? The cross sectional survey design was employed as the means to achieve the ends.The study has found that teachers were being paid low salary, working under poor environment, lacking promotions and career development opportunities, lacking enough commitment as the results of the job dissatisfaction. Furthermore, it was found out that lack of teaching and learning materials, availability of the other jobs, and low support from members of the society have been among factors that lead to teachers’ turnover in private secondary schools.The study has also identified a number of strategies employed to retain teachers, at workplaces. The provision of free lunch and breakfast, presence of performance appraisal system, and provision of transport and house allowances were among the employed strategies. Furthermore, it was noted that the availability of the teaching materials and facilities, the presence of down-top administrative style, the payment of the salary advance, the opportunities for loan provision and the provision of training and career development opportunities were other employed strategies. Moreover, teachers showed negative attitudes towards teaching in the private schools due to the low salaries which cannot meet their basic needs. They were not given overtime pay and being involved in extracurricular activities with either very little pay or no pay at all. On the other hand, teachers were not paid salary during the long vacation. Furthermore, the lack of opportunities for loans was the other thing that made teachers feel unhappy to work in the private secondary schools. Due to the fact that teachers in the private schools developed negative attitude towards working at such schools, therefore, it is the right times for the management and owners of the private secondary schools to review their strategies of retaining teachers in order to make them stay longer in their schools. Therefore, it is recommended that the owners and the management of the private secondary schools should promote job satisfaction, provide sufficient salaries and benefits to the teachers, and provide good and attractive teaching environment as the way of overcoming the causes of the teachers’ turnover in private secondary schools.
Available in print form, East Africana Collection, Dr. Wilbert Chagula Library, Class mark (THS EAF LB2833.4.T34J33)
Teacher turover, Private schools, Secondary schools, Teachers, Dar es Salaam region, Tanzania
Jaffer, K (2012) Assessment of teacher turnover in private secondary schools in Tanzania: a case of Dar es Salaam Region, Master dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam. Dar es Salaam