Archaeological and historical investigations of Mbuamaji site, Kigamboni, Dar es salaam-Tanzania

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University of Dar es Salaam
This study evaluates and investigates the role of Mbuamaji site in the social, economical and political developments of ancient East African coast. Previous studies on the coast of East Africa were basically focused on large and well established settlements; hence the picture of East Africa coast was also built from these bigger sites. This totally overlooked the contribution of smaller and less spectacular sites like Mbuamaji in socio-economic developments of ancient East African coast. Therefore, in order to understand the contribution of Mbuamaji site, different cultural materials were used such as pottery, metals, shells, coins, ochre, daubs, bones, beads and lithics, which were obtained through archaeological surveys and excavations. Other information was obtained from interviews. Both probabilistic and non probabilistic sampling techniques were employed in both survey and excavation. This was coupled with the use of different scholar’s schemes and model in the analysis of data. Furthermore, the study also checked on cultural materials similarities from Mbuamaji and other ancient coastal settlements, whereby a cultural sequence was established based on pottery. Based on relative dating, this work has identified that the history of the occupation of Mbuamaji site goes back to Early Iron Working (EIW) of B.C/A.D changeover, through Triangular Incised Ware (TIW), Plain Ware (PW) and finally Swahili (SW). This study has also indicated that Mbuamaji contributed to the developments of ancient East African coast through trade. Thus, shedding light on how smaller sites interacted with larger sites on the ancient coast east African coast. This work recommends for further investigation on the origin and spread of EIW as well as production of iron on the site.
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Archaeological surveying,, Archaeology and history, Mbuamaji site, Kigamboni, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Ombori, T.L(2012),Archaeological and historical investigations of Mbuamaji site, Kigamboni, Dar es salaam-Tanzania , master dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam. Available at(