Community perception on onchocerciasis in Ulanga District, Tanzania.

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University of Dar es Salaam
A cross sectional survey involving 625 respondents aged 18 years and above, was conducted in March and April 1991 using a standard interview schedule. Information was collected on Knowledge, Actions, Behaviours and Attitudes vis-a-vis onchocerciasis. Onchocerciasis was not perceived by the community as a serious health problem. Knowledge of cause of the disease was low. Knowledge of preventive measures was very low. Knowledge of manifestations and complications was high. Seeking help from modern health units only, was reported by a high proportion of respondents. Dual use of services was reported. The negative attitude towards the blackfly is largely due to its biting nuisance rather than knowledge of its role in disease transmission. Formal education was the main demographic characteristic associated with knowledge of the disease. The study indicates the need to use the Primary Health Care Approach in the control of the disease in the district. There is also great need of Health Education intervention in control activities. Multi-sectoral approach to onchocerciasis control should be encouraged.
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Onchocerciasis, Ulanga, Tanzania
Sande, P. D. (1992). Community perception on onchocerciasis in Ulanga District, Tanzania. Master dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam. Available at (