Feasibility of using scoria and pumice as aggregates and using lime and pozzolan as binders in production of lightweight aggregate blocks

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Date
2018
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
University of Dar es Salaam
Abstract
In Tanzania, most engineers use natural sand and granite aggregates for the production of concrete and this has caused serious geological and land degradation problem. In volcanic areas, we have other types of aggregate like pumice and scoria which would be used with the natural pozzolan found in these areas to make cheaper concrete and building blocks and minimize the degradation problem. This study investigated the use of pumice and scoria aggregates to make lightweight construction blocks using natural pozzolan and lime as binders. The aggregates and natural pozzolan used were from Arusha, Kilimanjaro and Mbeya Regions of Tanzania. Different lime: pozzolan ratios were investigated and these were 1:2, 1:3 and 1:4. The binder: aggregates ratios were also varied in the ratios 1:3, 1:6 and 1:9. The objective was to determine which ratios would meet the blocks strength requirements normally employed in practice. The water binder ratios used were obtained by trial and error to give stable un-collapsible blocks. It was found out that the strength obtained for the blocks ranged from 1 - 2 N/mm2 and 1 - 3 N/mm2 when pumice and scoria were used respectively, and strengths were sufficient for non-load bearing walls. It was also established from the strengths obtained from scoria could be used as blocks for low cost houses and in one to two story buildings
Description
Available in printed form, East Africana Collection, Dr. Wilbert Chagula Library, Class mark (THS EAF TA441.M262)
Keywords
Aggregates (Building materials), Brock making, Pozzolanes, Portland cement, Pumice industry, Water, Scorials
Citation
Mande, F.O (2018) Feasibility of using scoria and pumice as aggregates and using lime and pozzolan as binders in production of lightweight aggregate blocks.Master dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam.