Risk factors and socio-economic impacts of porcine cysticercosis in Iringa rural district, Tanzania

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University of Dar es Salaam
Pork production has increased in many regions of Tanzania due to recognition by poor farmers of quicker and higher returns in the pig industry. However , Taenia solum CC is a zootomic disease, in pigs it lead into PCC; in humans, causes HCC including NCC, one of the major cause of late onset epilepsy. The lack of information has made it difficult to carry out a through socio-economic impact analysis of T-solium CC. The objective of the present study was to determine the risk factors and socio-economic impacts of CC in Iringa rural district. A cross-sectional survey was carried out from September 2011 to August 2012.The study indicated that PCC prevalence was 7.5% (n-308). The absence of toilet, drinking un boiled water, lack of tap water , indiscriminate defecation, and lack of pigpens and consumption of uninspected pork were important risk factors for for the persistence of PCC in Iringa rural district. The total financial loss owing to PCC and epilepsy was estimated at USD 0.2 million per year. Above 49.8%of pig farmers were aware of PCC. The community’s awareness on the pork tapeworm was high 59.1% but knowledge on transmission was significantly low 35.0%. The association of evil spirits as the cause of epilepsy might be due to the reason that epilepsy is incurable; this leads people to believe that epilepsy could be cured through prayers and traditional healing. It is concluded that little knowledge on both PCC and epilepsy lead into economic loss and stigmatization of PWE in the study area. Therefore, it was recommended that an in-depth epidemiological survey for both PCC and HCC and education intervention is necessary in necessary in areas where pigs are reared and pork is consumed for potential control/ elimination of Taenia solium cysticercosis
Available in printed form, East Africana Collection, Dr. Wilbert Chagula Library, Class mark (THS EAF QL391.P7Y63)
Taenia, Cysticercus, Iringa, Tanzania
Yohana, C (2014) Risk factors and socio-economic impacts of porcine cysticercosis in Iringa rural district, Tanzania.Master dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam.