Assessment of endocrine disrupting pesticides and other pesticides in the aquatic environment and selected foodstuffs in Dar es Salaam the case of Kizinga and Msimbazi rivers

dc.contributor.authorKitalika, Aldo
dc.date.accessioned2020-02-07T15:32:53Z
dc.date.available2020-02-07T15:32:53Z
dc.date.issued2011
dc.descriptionAvailable in print form, East Africana Collection, Dr. Wilbert Chagula Library, Class mark ( THS EAF RA1270.P4K57)en_US
dc.description.abstractThis thesis reports on the levels of endocrine disrupting and other pesticides in aquatic environnaent and foodstuff in Dar es Salaam City, Tanzania. Samples of water, soil, sediments and ,Amaranths spp. were collected from Msimbazi and Kizinga rivers and were extracted, cleaned and analyzed for pesticides using GC-ECD and GC-MS. Eight endocrine disrupting pesticide residues, namely γ-HCH, α-HCH, β-HCH, p,p'-DDE, p,p'-DDD, o,p'-DDT, p,p'-DDT and dieldrin were detected at concentrations of up to 82 ng/g dw in sediments. The highest average concentrations of endocrine disrupting pesticide residues in water, sediments, soil and Amaranths spp. were 4.9 ng/I (γ-HCH), 15.3 ng/g dw (α-HCH), 6.6 ng/g dw (p,p'-DDT) and 9.3 ng/g dw (dieldrin), respectively. The detection frequencies of most endocrine disrupting pesticide residues varied from 13% to 100%. The most frequently detected compounds in this group were HCHs, dieldrin, p,p '-DDE, p,p –DDD and p,p’ - DDT Concurrently, three non-endocrine disrupting pesticide residue were detected which are: diaznon, endosulphan sulphate, parathion, parathion methyl, α-endosulphan, β-endosulphan and ethion. Among these, parathion methyl had the highest average concentration in water, sediments, soil and ,Amaranths spp. at concentrations of 11.1 ng/l, 26.3 ng/g dw, 38.1 ng/g dw and 23 ng/g dw, respectively. The detection frequencies of non-ED pesticides varied from 17% to 94% for most compounds. The most frequently detected compounds in this group were parathion methly, β-endosulphan, diaznon and parathion. There were no significant differences in con-centrations of residues between seasons despite the higher concentrations noted for some residues in the rainy seasonen_US
dc.identifier.citationKitalika, A.(2011) Assessment of endocrine disrupting pesticides and other pesticides in the aquatic environment and selected foodstuffs in Dar es Salaam the case of Kizinga and Msimbazi river. Masters dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam. Dar es Salaam.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://41.86.178.5:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/6936
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherUniversity of Dar es Salaamen_US
dc.subjectEndocrine toxicologyen_US
dc.subjectPestcidesen_US
dc.subjectKizinga riveren_US
dc.subjectMsimbazi riveren_US
dc.subjectDar es Salaamen_US
dc.titleAssessment of endocrine disrupting pesticides and other pesticides in the aquatic environment and selected foodstuffs in Dar es Salaam the case of Kizinga and Msimbazi riversen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
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