Sanitation management in squatter areas: a case study of Manzese- Uzuri

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University of Dar es Salaam
The absence of sustainable sanitation systems in low-income peri-urban area in developing countries is one of the causes that can lead to a high level of water- home diseases in these areas, especially during the rainy season. Manzese-Uzuri area located in Dar es Salaam is a low- income residential area facing rapid growth with an increasing demand for basic public infrastructure services mostly the sanitation system. The major objective of the study is to develop a sustainable sanitation and human waste management system that is appropriate to be applied in Manzese-Uzuri. Questionnaire and field survey were conducted, probe on the acceptability of communal sewerage treatment septic tank were also conducted. The study qualified the amount of waste water produced in the area also wastewater samples were analyzed for a range of parameters which include BOD, COD, PH, TKN, TSS. These parameters were determined using standard procedures. Results show that majority of people were willing to share the communal septic tanks but no one was ready to give his/her land for wastewater disposal either for free or sell. The total water used based on the analysis examined to be 200 I/c/d per household and amount of wastewater produced per household as 160/day. The wastewater BOD, to COD found to be ration of 0.74. Therefore community septic tank systems to cater for 100 people is designed, view to improving the sanitary conditions of Manzese- Uzuri as an initial stage.
Available in print form, East Africana Collection, Dr. Wilbert Chagula Library, Class Mark (THS EAF TD789.T34K38)
Sanitation management, Squatter
Kavishe, R.F (2009) Sanitation management in squatter areas: a case study of Manzese- Uzuri, Master dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam