Hydrological analysis for the eastern arc mountain in North Eastern Tanzania

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University of Dar es Salaam
Inter annual variability is investigated for flow and rainfall stations in the Pare and Usambara Mountains. The analysis is undertaken to investigate the possible impact of declining forest on the river flow regime. Interannual variability of annual amounts of streamflow and rainfall were investigated using change point and linear trend analysis. The study has shown the changes in both rainfall and streamflow. The changes in the rainfall indicate a predominant decrease in the both the mean and the extremes events. Results in streamflow indicate a noticeable decrease in mean annual flow around 1990, and a less significant pattern of increases in mean annual flow for the station with data ending in 1980s. In addition, the changes appear as a gradual change rather than a step change. Differences in trend direction in the rainfall and stream flow extremes values suggest that the changes in the flow may be due to the modification of the land cover/land surface as a result of human activities in the forest such as clearing forest for domestic purposes or for agricultural activities.
Available in print form, EAF collection, Dr. Wilbert Chagula Library, class mark ( THS EAF GB656.2 M33 F72 )
Hydrology, System analysis, Eastern Arc Mountains, North eastern Tanzania
Frank, F ( 2005 ) Hydrological analysis for the eastern arc mountain in North Eastern Tanzania, Masters dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam.