Modeling Phosphorus removal in constructed wetland: case of the deparment of water affairs constructed wetland Gaborone, Botswana

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Date
2008
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Publisher
University of Dar es Salaam
Abstract
This research work is carried out so as to assess the performance of constructed wetland piloted within the Department of Water Affairs, Gaborone, Botswana. The treated effluent is reused for irrigation and people are concerned about the quality of effluent used. The wetland has four cells and each cell has flow rate of 4m3/day and hydraulic retention time of approximately 5 days. The first cell (Cl) is set as a control with sand only, the second one (C2) planted with Typha Latifolia , the third one (C3) with Papyrus Cyperus and the last one (C4) with Phragniites Mauritianus. The samples obtained in this pilot system for phosphorus analysis were filtered through a whatman 0.45µm filter paper and analyzed using the IC machine. The data from Cl, 0.26mg/l, 0.19mg/l and 0.16mg/l of which when translated to percentage removal cells have 93.6%, 97.4%, 98.1% and 98.4% respectively. From the effluents it can be noted that C4 is the best macrophyte to be used in treating wastewater. DWA constructed wetland is in compliance with the Botswana Bureau of Standards (BOBS) BOS 93:2004 which allows 0.5mg/l of phosphorus concentration in the effluent that is to be discharged into the environment. A model was developed using the Stella 6.0.1 software and it shows that sand adsorption is the main process involved in phosphorus removal, then plants uptake. The model proved to model the processes in the wetland and this was indicated by a good correlation factor of R2=0.55,0.74,0.68 and 0.72 for Cl, C2, C3 respectively.
Description
Available in printed form, East Africana Collection, Dr. Wilbert Chagula Library, Class mark (THS EAF TD 756.5.A87)
Keywords
Constructed wetlands, Phosphorus removal, Department of Water Affairs Constructed Wetland, Gaborone, Botswana, Waste water management
Citation
Autlwetse, B (2008) Modeling Phosphorus removal in constructed wetland: case of the deparment of water affairs constructed wetland Gaborone, Botswana.Master dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam.