Empowerment Programmes and the Quest for Women Transformation The Case of Non- Governmental Organizations In Zanzibar

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University of Dar es Salaam
Empowerment for women has long been a buzz word in the development lexicon. In Zanzibar, women empowerment programmes emerged in 1980s after the advent of women movements aimed at addressing historical and social injustices. Despite the well evident length of intervention, little has been studied and written about transformation of rural women through programmes as orchestrated by state and non-state actors. The reflections of ground reveal a regressive trend of rural women in both economic and social spheres. This study explored the level of women transformation in Zanzibar through NGOs interventions. This study argues that the transformations passage is engrossed with numerous internal and external hurdles but the “Transformative Empowerment Framework” (TEF) can go a long way to provide an antidote. TEF cut across resource, agency, regular learning, networking and achievement. The Program Impact Assessment Approach (PIAA) as employed to analyses the information. The PIAA also provided provide mechanism for controlling the confounding factors through the control group consisting of experts judgment on the main contributing actors in the women transformation. Women groups which were based mainly in the rural Zanzibar were used as the central unit of analysis. In that light, the study analyzed information from 158 rural groups in 38 shehias/ villages of Unguja and Pemba vis-a-vis22 NGOs involved on empowerment and advocacy. Information obtained was complemented by documentary reviews. The study found that NGOs interventions for women empowerment programs enable women to take individual actions which were motivated by those interventions. The remaining challenge was that these individual initiatives were not translated into collective actions, which would address social and structural injustices perpetuated in the communities. Thus, the study recommends need for thorough rethinking and designing of the NGOs program for women empowerment which will not only promote individual actions but also collective actions
Available in print form, Eat Africana Collection, Dr. Wilbert Chagula Library,(THSEAFHQ1236.5.Z36A44)
Women in development, Women, Political activity, Non-governmental Organizations, Zanzibar
Ali, M. I. (2016) Empowerment Programmes and the Quest for Women Transformation The Case of Non- Governmental Organizations In Zanzibar . Doctorial dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam.