Challenges of water supply projects in rural Communities Tanzania: the case of Mvomero Morogoro

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University of Dar es Salaam
Mvomero district has experienced application of different technologies of water supply since 1980,s. However, these projects are not functioning as very few are operating and for those operating have serious challenges and out of 100% of water points 60% are non-functional. This study intended to assess challenges of selected water supply projects, describe community’s altitude towards water supply and institutions. Specifically, it intended to determine the nature and level of community participation in the development of rural water supply projects, to assess the institutions which provide rural water projects and support community and to identify challenges related to potable water supply projects in legal framework and management system in water projects. Cross sectional research design was applied and simple random sampling technique was used to sample 90 households and 30 water implementers. Semi-structured questionnaires, direct observations, transect walk and six (6) Focus Group Discussions (FGD) were done respectively during data collection. Data analysis was done by using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS). Results reveal that it is only 218 water points which are functioning, and 191 water points are non-functional. And 95% of all available water projects in the study countenance challenges on poor management whereby 63.3% lack training and 80% lack Water Points Management Committees. Further, 98% of hand pumps and open wells are none functioning, 43.33% have no water accounts for water fees, for the training only 36.7% received water trainings. Lastly, 63.3% lack training for COWSO, so in recommendation hydraulic mission and software aspect to be applied.
Available in printed form, East Africana Collection, Dr. Wilbert Chagula Library, Class mark (THS EAF TD319.T34S24)
Water supply, Rural communities, Mvomero, district, Morogoro region, Tanzania
Samson, S. L (2013) Challenges of water supply projects in rural Communities Tanzania: the case of Mvomero Morogoro, Master dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam. Dar es Salaam.