Women perceptions of intra-uterine devices and nor plant contraceptive methods in Tanzania: a case of Morogoro municipality

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Date
2016
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
Unversity of Dar es Salaam
Abstract
The uses of modern contraceptives are important means of preventing maternal and infant mortality, promoting birth spacing and limiting of childbearing saves the health of infant and that of the mother. However, the use of Intra-Uterine Device and Norplant in Tanzania in general and Morogoro in particular remain very low. This study is about women perceptions of Intra-Uterine Device and Norplant in Tanzania. The objectives were to examine factors influencing women use or non-use of Intra-Uterine Device and Norplant, to examine women’s knowledge of Intra-Uterine Device and Norplant contraceptive methods and finally to examine women’s perceptions of spacing and limiting of childbearing through the use of Intra-Uterine Device and Norplant. This study was guided by Demographic Transition Theory and the Wealth Flow Theory. A case study design was applied using interview guide to gather qualitative information from users of Intra-Uterine Device and Norplant and non users of Intra-Uterine Device and Norplant aged between 20-49 years as well as service providers. Findings reveal that socio-cultural value for children has changed as a result of the increasing socio-economic requirement in families more especially in urban areas. Among other factors, women do not use Intra-Uterine Device due to fear developed by the misconception that it can damage their uterus. Women use Intra-Uterine Device due to its effectiveness and fewer side effects compared to other methods. It was also found that women do not use Norplant mainly due to its side effects such as prolonged and unpredictable breeding. Findings of the study also reveal that there is little knowledge on Intra-Uterine Device and Norplant among non users due to the misconception that Intra-Uterine Device may cause uterus cancer or Norplant may get lost in a body leading to negative perceptions of their use among women before starting their reproductive life. The study concludes that there are many factors affecting decisions to use or not use the Intra-Uterine Device and Norplant among women. The study recommends that these should be addressed when designing an intervention to promote the use of such methods. Furthermore, education and awareness sessions are important in improving the use of Intra-Uterine Device and Norplant. Also subsidizing of family planning methods by the government and donors could be of great use.
Description
Available in print form, East Africana Collection, Dr. Wilbert Chagula Library, Class mark (THS EAF HQ766.5.T34M33)
Keywords
Birth control, Women, Morogoro municipality, Tanzania
Citation
Magesa, M. (2016) Women perceptions of intra-uterine devices and nor plant contraceptive methods in Tanzania: a case of Morogoro municipality, Master dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam