Modelling and optimal control of toxicants on fish population with harvesting

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University of Dar es Salaam
Toxic in water bodies is a worldwide problem. It kills fish and other aquatic animals in water. Human beings are affected by this indirectly through eating affected fish. In this study, a model for controlling toxicants is formulated and analysed. Boundedness, positivity and analysis of the model are examined where four steady states were determined by using Eigen-value analysis and found to be locally stable under some conditions. The optimal control strategies are established with the help of Pontryagin’s maximum principle. The graphs show that when there is no control applied, population decreases due to effect of toxic and when control is applied the result reveals that the amount of toxic is reduced and hence there is an increase in fish population for both prey and predator population. It is recommended that the government has to introduce laws and policies which ensure that the industries treat waste before they are discharged into water bodies and to develop a system for waste recycling.
Available in print form, East Africana Collection, Dr. Wilbert Chagula Library, Class mark (THS EAF SH174.Z32)
Frechwater fishes, Effect of water pollution on, Mathematical models, Mathematical models
Zachariah, N. S. (2016) Modelling and optimal control of toxicants on fish population with harvesting, Master dissertation,University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam.