Sustainability of Chiredzi town water supply and wastewater management in Masvingo province, Zimbabwe

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University of Dar es Salaam
Urban water supply and sewage coverage in Zimbabwe is currently estimated at 78% and 73%, respectively with unserved population relying on boreholes and pit latrines. However, no study has been carried to assess how small towns, such as Chiredzi, are sustaining their systems despite limited funding from the Government. A study was carried out to assess the sustainability of Chiredzi town water supply and wastewater management systems in Masvingo, Zimbabwe. The study assessed the level of service provision, level of users participation and sustainability of water supply and wastewater systems. Data were collected through household questionnaires, key informant interviews, focus group discussions, desk study, water and wastewater analysis results, and field observations. A total of 150 households were interviewed and data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Science, Microsoft Excel Spreadsheet, besides the De Carvalho Sustainability index. The level of service was generally poor, with the service coverage below the target of 100% and 80% for water supply and sewage coverage, respectively. The study revealed that 55.3% of the respondents were not satisfied with the level of services provided. Stakeholder participation was found to be done through contribution of ideas and reporting pipe burst and very few contributed money. The overall sustainability was found to be 6.5, a category of low progress towards sustainability. Finally, the findings showed that there is great need to improve on technical, social and financial aspects.
Available in print form, East Africana Collection, Dr. Wilbert Chagula Library, Class mark (THS EAF TD319.Z55H65)
Water supply, Sewage disposal, Chiredzi town, Chiredzi town, Masvingo province, Zimbabwe
Homerai, F. (2015) Sustainability of Chiredzi town water supply and wastewater management in Masvingo province, Zimbabwe, Master dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam